At the summit of foreign ministers of the countries that make up the Group of 20 (G20), the Argentine foreign minister santiago cafiero about him “warlike determinism” that is promoting the war that is being waged in Ukraine due to the Russian attack, and also called for greater global financing to be implemented for developing economies, while criticizing the strong trade distortions suffered by developing countries.
The G20 meeting of foreign ministers was held in New Delhi, India, and began with the topic of the invasion of Ukraine as one of the central axes of the talks between the foreign ministers, in addition to the tensions that this confrontation generates between China, Russia and the United States as another unavoidable point.
For his part, in his first intervention in front of his peers, Cafiero highlighted that “It is absolutely imperative that initiatives aimed at increasing and accelerating financing for developing countries materialize,” and called for “a fair, transparent, equitable and predictable international trade system for agricultural products that stimulates investment.”
Cafiero claimed that “That now the policy of the war escalation does not throw another irreversible chapter”, and said that this situation “destroys not builds.” Likewise, he urged his peers to “let us abandon warlike determinism and embrace harmonic possibilism”.
“The problems we face are of magnitude. Solutions must be too. The response in the central economies to the increase in inflation supposes an immediate worsening in the financing conditions for developing economies and an increase in their levels of indebtedness”, stressed the Argentine Foreign Minister.
“The response to the increase in the supposes an increase in their levels of indebtedness,” said Cafiero.
“Argentina is also concerned about the consequences for food security of the imposition of unilateral trade restriction measures based on arguments of environmental protection —it was not based on scientific evidence— that imply obstacles to trade flows and that increase prices. costs in food production, in a scenario unanimously characterized as insecure in terms of access to food,” he said.
“In terms of energy security, Argentina and Latin America have the resources to guarantee an orderly transition towards an energy matrix based on renewable sources: this transition, however, requires a considerable flow of investment, and once again the challenge is found in the necessary financing to achieve the objectives of energy security and its transition to a scheme compatible with caring for the environment”, explained the head of the Palacio San Martín.
Cafiero also pointed out his intervention in “concerns about the impact of climate change -a concern shared by the region to which my country belongs- it is clear that the necessary financing, cooperation and technical assistance are not up to the speeches and of the new environmental regulations that occupy a large part of the agenda of developed countries”.
In this sense, he excluded: “Today we are alarmed by the unilateral decisions to abandon agreements between States that guaranteed secure development at a global level. However, since 2010 it has not been possible to reach consensus on the revision of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the cornerstone of multilateralism to counter the arms race, and today more than ever, -in a world marked by war and tensions – we need to enforce this instrument that the international community has been governed by since 1970”.
The Russian invasion of Ukraine
“International security cannot be achieved alone, the challenges that lie ahead require immediate and collective action. Multilateralism, and the commitment on which it is based, is the only possible way to advance in a predictable and safe world for all of humanity”, remarked Cafiero.
In addition, he highlighted that “diplomacy and negotiation are the only option for the solution of all conflicts and the maintenance of international peace and security. The UN is the main forum from which to work and overcome the triple crisis derived from the pandemic, climate change and foreign debt, aggravated by the war. Promote and ensure respect for human rights, disarmament and security and accelerate compliance with the objectives of the 2023 Agenda for sustainable development”.
“Argentina encourages cooperation in all its modalities. And it appeals to the responsibility of the states possessing nuclear weapons, to move towards disarmament and fulfill their commitments”, explained Cafiero, who was accompanied during the plenary session by the Secretary of International Economic Relations, Cecilia Todesca Bocco; the Chief of Staff of the Foreign Ministry, Luciana Tito; and the Argentine ambassador in India, Hugo Gobbi.
The G20 Foreign Ministers’ Summit, which was held at the Rashtrapati Bhavan Cultural Center (RBCC) in New Delhi, focused its discussions on multilateralism and the need for reforms, food and energy security, development cooperation, the fight against terrorism and humanitarian assistance in the face of global disasters.
Cafiero participated in the Foreign Ministers Summit together with his peers from Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States and the European Union, as well as with the representatives of invited countries: Spain, the Netherlands, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, Bangladesh, Egypt, Mauritius, Nigeria and Oman, and the regional organizations invited ASEAN (Cambodia), African Union ( Senegal) and NEPAD (Rwanda).
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